CM+ was commissioned to prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) for the Royal Botanic Gardens at Farm Cove, Sydney. Established in 1788 as the Government Farm, the Royal Botanic Gardens are of exceptional historic, scientific, aesthetic and social significance at a National level. The Gardens are the earliest established botanic garden in Australia, and the southern hemisphere and among the earliest surviving colonial botanic gardens in the world. It is an early Aboriginal contact site and contains outstanding living and preserved collections for botanic science. The conservation management plan assessed for the first time the significance of the whole landscape and built environment, and provided a future direction for appropriate management and accommodation of change in the Gardens.